Category Archives: Parental rights

The Right to Disagree

In Spanish | En español Parents have the right to disagree with decisions that the school system makes with respect to their child with a disability. This includes the school’s decisions about:
  • the identification of the child as a “child with a disability”;
  • the child’s evaluation;
  • the child’s educational placement; and
  • the special education and related services that the school provides to the child.
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Right to Receive Prior Written Notice

In Spanish | En español Parental rights under IDEA include the right to receive prior written notice from the school each time that the school proposes to take (or refuses to take) certain actions with respect to your child. Specifically, the school must provide parents with prior written notice each time that it:
  • proposes to initiate or change the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of your child;
  • proposes to initiate or change the provision of FAPE to your child (that’s a free appropriate public education);
  • refuses to initiate or change the identification, evaluation, or educational placement of your child;
  • refuses to initiate or change the provision of FAPE to your child.
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Right to Participate in Meetings


In Spanish | En español The right to participate in meetings related to their child is one of the most important and powerful of parent rights. Parents have the right to participate in meetings with respect to the:
  • their child’s identification,
  • their child’s evaluation,
  • their child’s educational placement, and
  • provision of FAPE (free appropriate public education) to their child.
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Confidentiality and Access to Student Records

In Spanish | En español IDEA and other federal laws protect the confidentiality of your child’s education records. These safeguards address the following three aspects:
  • the use of personally identifiable information;
  • who may have access to your child’s records; and
  • the rights of parents to inspect their child’s education records and request that these be amended to correct information that is misleading or inaccurate, or that violates the child’s privacy or other rights.
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Procedural Safeguards

In Spanish | En español At least one time a year, the parents of a child with a disability must receive from the school system a complete explanation of all the procedural safeguards available to them, as parents, under IDEA. This explanation is called the “Procedural Safeguards Notice.” In this page, we’ll examine the purpose and contents of this notice, the times that parents will receive it, and other aspects of this important safeguard. … Read the rest

Five Options, 1-2-3

There are times when parents and schools simply do not agree on some issue affecting a child’s education. They may try informal approaches to resolving the conflict, such as reviewing and revising the child’s IEP or holding a facilitated IEP meeting (an approach emerging in the field). When these don’t result in agreement on what represents an appropriate education for a child, the law (IDEA) provides several approaches that parents and schools can use to help resolve the dispute. … Read the rest

Parental Rights under IDEA

En español | In Spanish The federal regulations for IDEA 2004 include a section (Subpart E) called Procedural Safeguards. These safeguards are designed to protect the rights of parents and their child with a disability and, at the same time, give families and school systems several mechanisms by which to resolve their disputes. … Read the rest