Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA)

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Welcome to the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) page for parents, students, and school officials. This page contains FAQs and resources regarding parents’ rights under the PPRA and education officials’ obligations in implementing the PPRA.  The PPRA applies to the programs and activities of a State educational agency (SEA), local educational agency (LEA), or other recipient of funds under any program funded by the U.S. Department of Education.  It governs the administration to students of a survey, analysis, or evaluation that concerns one or more of the following eight protected areas:

  • political affiliations or beliefs of the student or the student’s parent;
  • mental or psychological problems of the student or the student’s family;
  • sex behavior or attitudes;
  • illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating, or demeaning behavior;
  • critical appraisals of other individuals with whom respondents have close family relationships;
  • legally recognized privileged or analogous relationships, such as those of lawyers, physicians, and ministers;
  • religious practices, affiliations, or beliefs of the student or student’s parent; or,
  • income (other than that required by law to determine eligibility for participation in a program or for receiving financial assistance under such program).

PPRA also concerns marketing surveys and other areas of student privacy, parental access to information, and the administration of certain physical examinations to minors.  The rights under PPRA transfer from the parents to a student who is 18 years old or an emancipated minor under State law.

We recommend you review the FAQs and other resources provided on this page in order to understand what rights parents and students have under the PPRA and State- and local educational agencies’ obligations in implementing the PPRA.

Parents or eligible students who believe their rights under PPRA have been violated may file a complaint with the Family Policy Compliance Office. Complaints must contain specific allegations of fact giving reasonable cause to believe that a violation of PPRA occurred.  You may contact us if you have questions regarding the PPRA or wish to obtain more information regarding filing a complaint under PPRA.  Or you may contact us at the following address and phone number:

Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20202-8520
Phone: 1-800-USA-LEARN (1-800-872-5327)